Protection from West Nile Fever

The only way to protect yourself is to keep mosquitoes from biting you.

If you must be outdoors at dawn or dusk when mosquitoes are most active, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
* Use insect repellent with no more than 30% DEET, but use sparingly and with care. (Products containing 15% or less DEET are recommended for children, but products containing DEET should not be used on infants. Carefully read and follow manufacturer's directions and wash treated skin when mosquito exposure has ended).
* Take special care to cover up the arms and legs of children playing outdoors near swampy areas. When you bring a baby outdoors, cover the playpen or carriage with mosquito netting.
How to reduce the number of mosquitoes around the home

Mosquito breeding around the home can be reduced significantly by reducing the amount of standing water available for mosquito breeding.
Dispose of tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots or similar water-holding containers that have accumulated on your property. Do not overlook containers that have become overgrown by aquatic vegetation.

Pay special attention to discarded tires that may have accumulated on your property. The used tire has become the most important domestic mosquito producer in this country.

Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers that are left out doors. Drainage holes that are located on the sides only can allow enough water to collect for mosquitoes to breed in.

Clean clogged roof gutters on an annual basis, particularly if leaves from surrounding trees have a tendency to plug up the drains. Roof gutters are easily overlooked but can produce millions of mosquitoes each season.

Turn over wheelbarrows and do not allow water to stagnate in bird baths. Both provide breeding habitat for domestic mosquitoes.

Aerate ornamental pools or stock them with fish. Water gardens are fashionable but become major mosquito producers if they are allowed to stagnate.

Clean and chlorinate swimming pools that are not being used. A swimming pool that is left untended by a family that goes on vacation for a month can produce enough mosquitoes to result in neighborhood-wide complaints. Be aware that mosquitoes may even breed in the water that collects on swimming pool covers.

Use landscaping to eliminate standing water that collects on your property. Mosquitoes will develop in any puddle that lasts more than 4 days.

Additional information regarding mosquito management can be found at